Exposing the health impacts of pesticide use in smallholder cotton farmers in Tanzania
AGENDA for Environment and Responsible Development (AGENDA) in collaboration with the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS),Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (TPRI) and Tanzania Association of Public, Occupational and Environmental Health Experts (TAPOHE) conducted a survey on the acute pesticide poisoning of cotton farmers in Meatu and Maswa districts in the Simiyu region from 8 – 18 November 2021. With support from PAN UK, the team interviewed over 1,000 farmers, to identify the pesticide application practices and related poisoning incidences i.e.common pests and diseases demanding pesticide application, safety equipment used during application, types of pesticides used, and associated incidents.
- UNEA 5.2 - Feb 22 - March 2
- Webinar - 2 March 2022 (0700 GMT)- Exporting Plastic Fuel: The New Reality after Australia's Plastic Waste Export Ban in Southeast Asia
Uganda: COVID-19 Chemicals and Waste
Newest IPEN Reports
IPEN studies show how policy is driving massive investment in plastic waste-to-fuel processing, and that exports are threatening waste management in ASEAN countries and undermining the Basel Convention and climate change commitments.
IPEN published a number of studies showing significant obstacles for countries seeking to implement safe plastic circular economies. The studies reveal that countries are unable to handle large volumes of diverse plastics waste streams safely, and the reality that, without regulations requiring plastic ingredients to be labeled, countries are blindly allowing known toxic chemicals onto their markets in plastic products.
Preproduction plastics as pellets, or "nurdles", can carry many different chemicals, both those added to the plastics and pollutants that attach (sorb) to them in the environment. Often lost during production, transportation, and storage, pellets have been found on beaches all over the world since the 1970s. This study of plastic pellets gathered from beaches in 23 different countries contained many chemicals of concern, some in very high concentrations.
Because almost all plastics contain toxic chemicals, recycling processes can perserve and can even generate toxic chemicals, such as dioxins. In this study, pellets made from recycled HDPE, intended for use in new products, were purchased from 24 recyclers in 23 countries and analyzed for 18 substances. The large number of toxic chemicals in many of the samples highlights the need to rethink recycling to ensure it does not perpetuate harms..
This summary of our two plastic pellets reports encapsulate the broad issues related to toxic chemicals in plastics and the concerns with recycling processes that can perserve or generate toxic chemicals.
Plastic waste has become an unprecedented pollution issue, blanketing our planet in the petrochemical remnants of plastic production. This report examines current and emerging methods by which plastic waste is managed globally and questions whether any of them present a solution to the rapidly accelerating generation of plastic waste. In short, they don't and the only long-term answer is to produce less plastic.
Agenda for Environment and Responsible Development (AGENDA)
Based in the United Republic of Tanzania
AGENDA’s mission is to promote a culture of responsibility to the environment amongst the general public through awareness, advocacy, capacity building and stakeholders’ involvement in Tanzania and beyond. Focus areas are sound management of chemicals and wastes; sustainable natural resource management; climate change impacts mitigation and adaptation; applied research, training and advisory services; and institutional capacity building. It consults with key stakeholders to influence policy and practices (government, institutions, agencies, industries, NGOs, individual activists, media, local communities); and collaborates and networks with national, regional and international stakeholders and networks.
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